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I have been building a tile server from scratch based on the instructions here:

Renderd runs, and the rendering process renders roads, streets names, etc., but it looks like all the polygons are missing (no forests, lakes, etc): alt text

Renderd is not reporting any errors, and the osm2pgsql process likewise ran without issue. I used the following command for the import, with the standard OSM stylesheet:

osm2pgsql -d gis --create --slim --hstore --tag-transform-script src/openstreetmap-carto/openstreetmap-carto.lua --flat-nodes planetnodes.bin -C 30000 --number-processes 8 -S src/openstreetmap-carto/ planet-latest.osm.pbf

I'm not quite sure where I should start looking, since I'm not seeing any error messages. I may have made a stupid mistake somewhere, or maybe I got unlucky and grabbed a 'bad' version of one of the repositories?

I intend to make some tests soon, with a smaller import before I restart the entire import again (if that is indeed necessary). But if anyone has some idea of what may have gone wrong, I would appreciate the help!

(Edit) What I am looking for an answer to, as someone who is not an expert on the rendering process, which is more likely in this case? Is the import itself broken, or is something the rendering process (renderd) broken, or set up incorrectly

asked 25 Sep '19, 15:59

praabjerg's gravatar image

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edited 25 Sep '19, 17:13

Where did you get the data from? I would start with exact dataset from the tutorial to test it on something smaller than the whole world.

(25 Sep '19, 16:39) kocio

A hint - you don't have to drop the whole planet database in order to test another set of data, it's enough to temporary rename the database. I use a simple script which looks like this (I could use multiple names like planet/standard/small etc and name them as gis, but most of the time simple swapping two databases is enough for me):


sudo service postgresql restart
sudo -u postgres -H -- psql -c "alter database gis rename to temp;"
sudo -u postgres -H -- psql -c "alter database gis2 rename to gis;"
sudo -u postgres -H -- psql -c "alter database temp rename to gis2;"
(25 Sep '19, 17:06) kocio

It's simply the Planet PBF file from And yes, I'm going to test with a smaller dataset when I can find the time for it. But I think what I'm looking for here, more specifically, is what this behaviour might indicate to someone experienced: Is this more likely to be an issue with the import itself, or the rendering process? I will add this to the question, for clarity.

(25 Sep '19, 17:08) praabjerg

And that's definitely helpful! Thanks! It's such a simple thing, but I hadn't actually considered that you can just rename the database to test other imports.

(25 Sep '19, 17:34) praabjerg

What was the outcome? Does it look the same with some other data?

(30 Sep '19, 17:52) kocio

I tried importing Iceland, and now it looks like it should! But I ended up doing this on a more recent openstreetmap-carto pull. I realized too late that I should have used the same conditions for the test import, because now I don't remember the exact commit I used earlier for the full import. But as it turned out, I wasn't using an official release, just the latest commit. So maybe the lesson is that I really should just use the releases when doing this. I think I'm going to start another full import later today, then we shall have to see how that works out in a couple of days.

(01 Oct '19, 07:28) praabjerg
showing 5 of 6 show 1 more comments

So, I ended up rerunning the entire import twice with a stable release of openstreetmap-carto. After the first rerun, tiles took far too long to render. I discovered that osm2pgsql seemed to have missed generating some of the indices. And generating them manually after the fact did not seem to fix rendering performance. On the 2nd rerun, I made absolutely sure that there would be space for everything, including the indices, on the disk. And now everything works!

So I think the reason for the polygons not rendering could be either

  • that I had a development version of openstreetmap-carto from the repository that somehow broke the rendering process, or
  • that some of the indices were missing, and renderd hit a timeout on queries for the polygons, or something to that effect. Though that seems strange, as renderd didn't time out on the database generated from the 1st rerun, even when queries took a long time.

In any case, this problem has been resolved now, and the rendering times are now reasonable.

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answered 15 Oct '19, 08:03

praabjerg's gravatar image

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question asked: 25 Sep '19, 15:59

question was seen: 1,774 times

last updated: 15 Oct '19, 08:03

NOTICE: is no longer in use from 1st March 2024. Please use the OpenStreetMap Community Forum