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How do you calculate a bounding box (that can be used where ever a bbox query parameter is required) using the center longitude and latitude, the zoom factor and the displayed width and height in pixels? Basically I need this to calculate the embedding and mapnik image export URLs from a permalink.

asked 16 Feb '11, 03:59

panzi's gravatar image

panzi
66124
accept rate: 0%


Convert the longitude and latitude of the map center to tile coordinates using the alogrithm described in the Slippy Map Tilenames article on the wiki, keeping the fractional part. Add / substract half of the width from tileX and half of the height from tileY to generate the coordinates of the four corners of the bbox. Convert them back to longitude and latitude using the description from the same wiki page. All you are now left to do is to create the string describing the bbox from the coordinates of the four corners. For mapnik this should be minlong,minlat,maxlong,maxlat.

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answered 16 Feb '11, 07:31

petschge's gravatar image

petschge
8.3k217398
accept rate: 21%

edited 16 Feb '11, 07:38

Frederik%20Ramm's gravatar image

Frederik Ramm ♦
82.5k927201273

http://pastebin.com/mMKrhA4D is what I did with what you wrote. But the calculated values are too large. Why is that?

(27 Jul '12, 22:19) Richart

You probably need to take in account pixel size of each tile... I've needed this myself so this is what I've come up with and documented at OSM Wiki:

use Math::Trig;

sub getLonLat {
    my ($xtile, $ytile, $zoom) = @_;
    my $n = 2 ** $zoom;
    my $lon_deg = $xtile / $n * 360.0 - 180.0;
    my $lat_deg = rad2deg(atan(sinh(pi * (1 - 2 * $ytile / $n))));
    return ($lon_deg, $lat_deg);
}

# convert from permalink OSM format like:
# http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=43.731049999999996&lon=15.79375&zoom=13&layers=M
# to OSM "Export" iframe embedded bbox format like:
# http://www.openstreetmap.org/export/embed.html?bbox=15.7444,43.708,15.8431,43.7541&layer=mapnik

sub LonLat_to_bbox {
    my ($lat, $lon, $zoom) = @_;

    my $width = 425; my $height = 350;  # note: must modify this to match your embed map width/height in pixels
    my $tile_size = 256;

    my ($xtile, $ytile) = getTileNumber ($lat, $lon, $zoom);

    my $xtile_s = ($xtile * $tile_size - $width/2) / $tile_size;
    my $ytile_s = ($ytile * $tile_size - $height/2) / $tile_size;
    my $xtile_e = ($xtile * $tile_size + $width/2) / $tile_size;
    my $ytile_e = ($ytile * $tile_size + $height/2) / $tile_size;

    my ($lon_s, $lat_s) = getLonLat($xtile_s, $ytile_s, $zoom);
    my ($lon_e, $lat_e) = getLonLat($xtile_e, $ytile_e, $zoom);

    my $bbox = "$lon_s,$lat_s,$lon_e,$lat_e";
    return $bbox;
}

You can see code in action here

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answered 10 Jun '13, 18:08

Matija%20Nalis's gravatar image

Matija Nalis
7502916
accept rate: 11%

edited 14 Jun '13, 15:53

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question asked: 16 Feb '11, 03:59

question was seen: 17,492 times

last updated: 14 Jun '13, 15:53

NOTICE: help.openstreetmap.org is no longer in use from 1st March 2024. Please use the OpenStreetMap Community Forum